GISRUK 2021 Annual Conference

Cardiff University

Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research and Data (WISERD)

Free and open online conference 14th-16th April 2021

GISRUK is the largest academic conference in Geographic Information Science in the UK. The 29th Annual GISRUK Conference took place as a free, fully online event from Wednesday 14th April to Friday 16th April 2021. The conference was organised and hosted by Prof. Scott Orford from Cardiff University and the Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research and Data (WISERD). The conference had more than 60 research presentations by international scientists and researchers, and three keynote speakers. The conference theme this year was the COVID19 pandemic and included papers on mapping the spread of the disease and on the spatial analysis of its impact on such things as personal mobility, social inequalities and the outcomes of interventions such as stay at home orders.

This year there was a free on-line pre-conference Early Career Researcher Workshop on Tuesday 13th April 2021. This was a great opportunity for Masters’ and PhD students to get to know each other before start of the conference.‘Early Career Researcher’ is a generic term for students and researchers at an early stage of their career who would benefit from additional training and networking opportunities. This would typically include students at all levels, as well as those who have recently gained their PhD, started a new career, changed career or returned from a career break. GISRUK is happy for each individual to determine whether they consider themselves to be an Early Career Researcher, irrespective of career path or level of experience.

What follows is a summary of the conference proceedings, with links to the videos of each of the presentations on the GISRUK Youtube channel, and links to the corresponding research articles.

GISRUK 2021 Early Career Researcher Workshop

Tuesday, 13th April 2021

Early Career Researcher Workshop - Introduction

Welcome, networking and introducing the GISRUK 2021 Annual Conference

Early Career Researcher Workshop - Careers

Tips on GIS CVs, the AGI ECR Network and GIS professionals sharing their experiences from academia, public and private sector

Early Career Researcher Workshop - Research

Sessions on co-producing research, publications, applying for PhD funding and writing a grant

Early Career Researcher Workshop - Presenting Online

Hints, tips and a practice session at presenting at a virtual conference such as GISRUK 2021

GISRUK 2021 Annual Conference

Day 1 - Wednesday, 14th April 2021

09.15-09.30 Welcome and Introduction Chair Scott Orford

09.45 - 10.45

Session 1: New Spatial Methods Chair Caitlin Robinson

58 ELSA: a new local indictor for spatial association

Nicholas Hamm, Babak Naimi and Thomas Groen

Article Link

45 Integration of GIS, Shannon Entropy and Multi-Criteria Decision Making for Hospital Site Selection

Iman Zandi and Mahmoud Reza Delavar

Article Link

21 Exploring and characterising irregular spatial clusters using eigenvector filtering

René Westerholt

Article Link

47 Online Tensor learning for Spatio-Temporal Financial Market Prediction

Davide Di Gioia and Tao Cheng

Article Link

Session 2: Sustainability Chair Caitlin Hafferty

16 Predicting the Impacts of COVID-19-related Income Changes on Consumption-Based Emissions of UK Neighbourhoods

Lena Kilian, Anne Owen, Andy Newing and Diana Ivanova

Article Link

54 A place-based carbon calculator for England

Malcolm Morgan, Jillian Anable and Karen Lucas

Article Link

52 Assessment of Solar PV Potential on Facades: Toward Zero-Energy Buildings

Mostafa Azizkhani and Stephen Grebby

Article Link

31 Sustainable Urban Development Indicators in Great Britain from 2001 to 2016

Nikos Patias, Francisco Rowe, Stefano Cavazzi and Dani Arribas-Bel

Article Link


Session 1: Big Data I: Property Markets Chair Bruce Gittings

26 Understanding housing affordability to determine the best property search areas for homeowners moving out of London

Bin Chi, Adam Dennett, Thomas Oléron-Evans and Robin Morphet

Article Link

50 Linking consumer datasets to chart residential moves in private rental housing in England and Wales

Joanna Kuleszo, Rory Coulter, Justin van Dijk and Paul Longley

Article Link

55 The use of Linked Consumer Registers to understand social and residential mobility

Meixu Chen, Bin Chi, Justin van Dijk and Paul Longley

Article Link

Session 2: Geodemographics Chair Brian Webb

63 Some challenges for updating neighbourhood geodemographic in the context of the 2021/2 Output Area Classification

Jakub Wyszomierski, Paul A Longley and Christopher G Gale

Article Link

32 Developing a Data Infrastructure for Bespoke Demographic Analysis

Justin van Dijk and Paul Longley

Article Link

22 Charting changes in the geodemographic composition of British cities, 1881-1901

Tian Lan and Paul Longley

Article Link


Session 1: VGI I: Points of Interest Chair Padraig Corcoran

19 Using geometric and semantic attributes for semi-automated tag identification in OpenStreetMap data

Müslüm Hacar

Article Link

66 Defining Natural Points of Interest

Charlie Hewitt, Andrea Ballatore, Stefano Cavazzi, Stefano De Sabbata, and Nicholas Tate

Article Link

Session 2: Transport I: Analysis and Modelling Chair Craig Robson

59 Ex-ante evaluation of accessibility impacts of Crossrail projects in London

Daniel Trilla Cisa and Joana Barros

Article Link

11 Understanding of representative 24h travel activity sequences of Londoners

Yiqiao Chen and Elisabete Silva

Article Link

83 Estimating public transport congestion in UK urban areas with open transport models

Juste Raimbault and Michael Batty

Article Link


Session 1: Spatial Inequalities and Health Chair Rich Fry

68 Spatial variations in colorectal cancer mortality in England and Wales

Charlotte Sturley, Paul Norman, Amy Downing and Michelle Morris

Article Link

82 Spatial pattern of COVID-19 mortality and its relationship with socioeconomic and environmental factors in England

Zhiqiang Feng

Article Link

25 Assessment of Sociodemographic Disparities in Environmental Exposure Might be Erroneous due to Neighborhood Effect Averaging: Implications for Environmental Inequality Research

Junghwan Kim and Mei-Po Kwan

Article Link

Session 2: Participatory GIS Chair Nick Bearman

4 Mapping citizens’ reflections and perceptions of place-based experiences in the time of COVID-19

Catherine Jones

Article Link

20 Analysing spatial data gained from walking interviews and psychogeographic group tours

Aled Singleton

Article Link

48 Geo-information tools for stakeholder engagement in environmental decision-making: “best practice” recommendations from a UK case study

Caitlin Hafferty, Robert Berry and Scott Orford

Article Link

14 Paper2GIS: Going postal in the midst of a pandemic

Timna Denwood, Jonny Huck and Sarah Lindley

Article Link

17.00-18.00 Keynote Speaker 1 Chair Scott Orford

Data-driven movement analytics for pandemic responses

Dr. Somayeh Dodge, Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA

This talk discusses various techniques to develop data-driven insights on human movement patterns both at individual and aggregate levels to inform non-pharmaceutical intervention actions in a pandemic such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. First, I review our systematic comparative analysis of exiting mobility indices that are used to inform COVID-19 responses across the US. Second, I will discuss a new time-geographic based approach to tracing space-time contacts and social interactions that might be critical in a pandemic situation

Day 2 - Thursday, 15th April 2021


Session 1: Spatiotemporal Analysis Chair Andrea Ballatore

28 Study on diurnal tidal characteristics of urban population under COVID-19 based on Baidu Heat map: a case of Tianjin central area

Zongyao Sun, Peng Zeng, Mingming Jin and Zhi Qiao

Article Link

74 Seasons of Crime in London

Narushige Shiode, Shino Shiode, Hayato Nishi and Kimihiro Hino

Article Link

88 Spatiotemporal street name changes in Eastern Germany

Seraphim Alvanides, Isabelle Buchstaller and Frauke Griese

Article Link

73 COVID-19 Lockdowns’ Impact on Crime in London

Yijing Li

Article Link

Session 2: Urban Analytics I: AI in Urban Analytics Chair James Haworth

1 A Data-driven Perspective for Exploring the Urban Functional Identities in Hong Kong

Zidong Yu and Xintao Liu

Article Link

64 Using Street View Imagery and Computer Vision Method for Visual Walkability Measurement in London

Jiaming Lu, James Haworth and Meihui Wang

Article Link

51 Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis with Graph Convolutional Neural Network

Pengyuan Liu and Stefano De Sabbata

Article Link

Session 3: Big Data II: Mobility Chair Sam Jones

29 Study on the impact mechanism of population distribution before and after the COVID-19 in high density urban area: a case study of Tianjin central area

Mingming Jin, Peng Zeng and Zongyao Sun

Article Link

85 The exploration of human activity zones using geo-tagged big data during the COVID-19 first lockdown in London, UK

Tongxin Chen, Tao Cheng and Di Zhu

Article Link

69 Spatially aggregating mobility data – implications and challenges

Louise Sieg and James Cheshire

Article Link


Session 1: Spatial Data Infrastructure Chair Katie Dickson

24 Computing geographical access to services: the design of an open-source multimodal client-server solution

Andrew Price, Mitchel Langford, Gary Higgs and Jonathan Radcliffe

Article Link

81 Open-source geospatial software for location cover models

Huanfa Chen and Alan Murray

Article Link

65 Do we need legends? An eye tracking study

Jess Hepburn, David Fairbairn, Philip James and Alistair Ford

Article Link

79 Serverless Data Storage for Scalable Geospatial Applications in the Cloud

Tomas Holderness and Mark Varley

Article Link

Session 2: Spatial Data Workflow and Modelling Chair Jonny Huck

2 A new semantic trajectory ontology model for modelling and reasoning on movement data

Mohammad Akbari, Ali Mousavi, Seyed Ahmad Eslaminezhad, Mobin Eftekhari and Mohsen Ghorani

Article Link

44 Creating a raster agent-based modelling environment from volunteered geographic information

Hannah Gumble

Article Link

15 Centaur VGI: Evaluating a human-machine workflow for increased productivity during humanitarian mapping campaigns

Kirsty Watkinson, Jonathan Huck and Angela Harris

Article Link

53 Georeferencing historical telephone directories to understand innovation diffusion and social change

Nikki Tanu, Maurizio Gibin and Paul Longley

Article Link

13.00-14.00 Keynote Speaker 2 Chair Scott Orford

Joint Deep Learning – a novel paradigm for simultaneous land use and land cover classification

Prof. Pete Atkinson, Distinguished Professor of Spatial Data Science in the Lancaster Environment Centre, University of Lancaster, UK

It is well known that land cover classes, which represent the land state, can be predicted directly from remotely sensed imagery whereas land use, which represents a higher-order function, must generally be classified based on spatial context. It is no wonder then that deep learning has found application for the prediction of land use. However, land use is commonly built on land cover building blocks at a lower ontological and spatial level than land use, opening the possibility for their joint prediction. This talk presents ‘Joint Deep Learning’ which is the first algorithm specifically to exploit directly the ontological interdependence between land cover and land use. Moreover, it extends statistical joint distribution modelling to include a variable that is defined as a higher-order representation (aka. predicted by deep learning). This new realization and concept has the potential to completely revolutionize how land use and land cover classification is done in remote sensing.


Session 1: Urban Analytics II: Spatiotemporal Chair Polyanna Bispo

46 3D Agent-Based Model of pedestrian movements for simulating COVID-19 transmission in university students

David Alvarez Castro and Alistair Ford

Article Link

33 Empirical Agent-Based Modelling for exploring Intergroup Contact in a Segregated Society

Jonny Huck, Duncan Whyatt, John Dixon, Gemma Davies, Brendan Sturgeon, Bree Hocking, Neil Jarman and Dominic Bryan

Article Link

76 The Pandemic and Changing Patterns of Segregation in America

Andrew Renninger

Article Link

Session 2: Business and Retail Chair Sam Jones

62 Vibrancy and Classification of Retail Areas

Abigail Hill and James Cheshire

Article Link

3 A Framework for Delineating the Scale, Extent and Characteristics of American Retail Centre Agglomerations: The Case of Chicago Metropolitan Area during COVID-19 during COVID-19

Patrick Ballantyne, Alex Singleton, Les Dolega and Kevin Credit

Article Link

5 The Pandemic Economy: Exploring the change in new business license activity in Chicago, USA from March – September, 2020

Kevin Credit and Emma van Lieshout

Article Link

Day 3 - Friday, 16th April 2021


Session 1: Transport II: Active Travel Chair Brian Webb

75 Spatiotemporal analysis of cycling patterns' changes during weekdays under the COVID-19 lockdown: A case study of London docked shared bicycles

Xiaowei Gao, James Haworth, Huanfa Chen and Petra Fernandes

Article Link

30 How safe are our streets for social distancing?: A national scale analysis of pavement space during COVID-19

Craig Robson and Alistair Ford

Article Link

38 Profiling the Dynamic Pattern of Bike-sharing Stations: a case study of Citi Bike in New York City

Yunzhe Liu, Meixu Chen, Daniel Arribas-Bel and Alex Singleton

Article Link

Session 2: Environmental Applications Chair Mitch Langford

7 Multitemporal Analysis Of Land Cover Changes On Parangtritis Sand Dunes Using NDVI, NDSI And Clay Index Transformation In 1972-2018

Yuniarsita Setyo Wulandari, Fajrun Wahidil Muharram, Putri Meissarah and Bernike Hendrastuti

Article Link

35 Describing multi-layer spatial patterns using an integrated co-occurrence matrix (INCOMA)

Jakub Nowosad and Tomasz Stepinski

Article Link

60 An Automated Procedure to Assist Site Selection of Water Harvesting Structures

Robert Delaney, Alan Blackburn, Andrew Folkard and Duncan Whyatt

Article Link

12.00-13.00 Keynote Speaker 3 Chair Scott Orford

Beyond the buffer? A short history of spatial analysis in exposure assessment

Prof. Sarah Lindley, Professor of Geography in the Department of Geography, University of Manchester, UK

Spatial methods are used to help support both deductive and inductive approaches to understanding disease incidence and their causal factors. A review in 2012 identified that proximity analysis remained the most prominent spatial method used in epidemiology in the previous decade (Auchincloss et al., 2012), but how far does the field still rely on the basic buffer? This talk will review the role of the humble buffer and consider whether it is destined to remain the primary basis for exposure assessment in the decades to come.


Session 1: Short Paper 1 Chair Peter Mooney

87 Spatial Finance: GI Science, Spatial Data Infrastructures and Green Finance

Matthew Kelly

Article Link

34 A comparison of obfuscation methods for privacy protection: A case study using agri-environmental data in the Republic of Ireland

Parvaneh Nowbakht,  Lilian O’Sullivan, Fiona Cawkwell, David Wall  and Paul Holloway

Article Link

72 Exploring Ideas of Geoprivacy Through Social Media: Facebook as a Case Study

Maximilian Bakenhus and William Mackaness

Article Link

84 A Supervised Heuristic for a Balanced Approach to Regionalization

Tyler Hoffman and Taylor Oshan

Article Link

Session 2: Modelling Community Assets Chair Gary Higgs

70 Investigating the spatial inter-relationships of place dependency in Wales

Scott Orford and Sam Jones

Article Link

23 Naturally Urban? Tackling Inequalities in Urban Greenspace and Wellbeing

Victoria Houlden

Article Link


Session 1: Urban Analytics III: Form and Function Chair Abigail Hill

86 An index to map feasibility of social distancing within urban areas

Heather Chamberlain, Attila Lazar and Andy Tatem

Article Link

18 Finding Attractive Exercise Circuits in Street Maps

Rhyd Lewis

Article Link

61 Detecting urban structure through inter-city human interactions in China

George Willis, Zhaoya Gong and Emmanouil Tranos

Article Link

Session 2: VGI II: Social Media and Mapping Chair Rob Berry

42 Exploring shale activism on Twitter using spatio-temporal Network Analysis

Adam Varley, Phil Bartie, Jen Dickie, Stacia Ryder, Darrick Evensen, Patrick Devine-Wright and Lorraine Whitmarsh

Article Link

78 Topics and sentiments on Twitter during lockdown in London

Nan Cui, Nick Malleson and Alexis Comber

Article Link

41 Spatial-Temporal Patterns in Twitter Activity Related to ‘Fracking’ in Great Britain

Phil Bartie, Jen Dickie, Adam Varley, Stacia Ryder, Darrick Evensen, Patrick Devine-Wright and Lorraine Whitmarsh

Article Link

16.30-17.00 Awards and Closing Remarks Chair Scott Orford


You can keep up to date with GISRUK information on the GISRUK website, signing up to our mailing list, and following us on Twitter.

GISRUK Organizing Committee and Prof. Scott Orford (Cardiff University)

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